Change The Oil on a 2014 Ford Fiesta ST
Changing your own oil takes a little time and some special equipment, but it's something you'll have to do it every 5,000 to 10,000 miles (6 months to 1 year), so spending a little extra now can save you lots of money over the life of your vehicle. Not to mention that you can continue to use most of the tools for your other vehicles or future vehicles.
In addition to the oil change, I installed a Fumoto valve where the drain plug would go. This will allow me to drain the oil out of the engine without having to unscrew anything. Keep in mind that, because of the recessed drain plug on the Fiesta ST, you will need to purchase the appropriate extension piece along with the Fumoto valve (listed below).
Drive your car up on ramps or jack up the front of the car and put it on jack stands.
Here's an overview of the bottom of the 1.6L Ecoboost engine. The oil filter is mounted horizontally at the front of the car. The oil drain plug is on the side of the oil pan facing toward the back of the car.
Locate the oil drain plug on the side of the oil pan facing the back of the car.
Place your drain pan underneath the plug, but position it further toward the back of the car, because the oil will shoot out sideways for about six inches when you first remove the drain plug.
Using a 13mm socket, remove the drain plug. Be sure to keep the drain plug and gasket from falling into the oil pan, unless you like sifting through black oil for black parts.
While the oil is draining, remove the oil filler cap at the top of the engine. This will help the oil flow out a little easier.
We'll need the drain pan for removing the oil filter, so once the oil has finished draining, replace the drain plug and gasket. I chose to replace the drain plug with a Fumoto valve instead.
Fumoto Valve Only: Since the drain plug is recessed, install the extension adapter with the included gasket and tighten to 25-29lb-ft with a 7/8" socket and torque wrench
Fumoto Valve Only: Install the valve with the included gasket and tighten with a 3/8" wrench. Verify that you can operate the valve.
Wipe off any leftover oil with a clean, dry paper towel.
Locate the oil filter on the side of the engine at the front of the car.
Place your oil drain pan underneath the oil filter and remove the filter. You may need to use a filter wrench if it's on too tight. Please note that a filter wrench like this may damage the filter, so it should only be used when removing an old one.
If your drain pan has a spot for the oil filter, place it there. Otherwise, set it somewhere where it will not leak oil on anything important.
Once the oil is done draining out of the filter mount, wipe off the area with a clean, dry paper towel. Make sure that the old filter gasket isn't stuck to the engine, and that the surface is clean metal.
Prime the oil filter by filling it with some oil. You should probably use a funnel for this step. Make sure you rub some oil on the rubber gasket.
With the oil pan still positioned underneath the oil filter mount, screw in the new oil filter with your hands, then tighten with an oil filter cap wrench, which attaches to the end of your socket wrench. This will be very messy and difficult, considering you're trying to screw something in that's at an awkward angle while your hands are covered in oil.
Wipe off any excess oil from the filter and surrounding hoses and engine.
Using a funnel, start adding oil. While you're doing that, check underneath the car to make sure you don't have any leaks.
After about 2 quarts have been added, check the dipstick to see how far along you are. The engine takes 4.3 quarts, but you'll never add that much back in during an oil change because of all the oil left over in all the nooks and crannies of the engine. it's better to add a little bit at a time until you get the oil to the right level. You can speed up this process for subsequent oil changes because you'll already know about how much to put in.
Replace the oil filler cap and turn the car on. Check for any leaks. If there are none, you're finished!
Back the car off the ramps or lower the car using a floor jack.
Just to be sure, you can leave your car overnight with a clean piece of cardboard underneath the engine. If there are any slow leaks, you'll see oil spots on the cardboard in the morning. Then, since the engine is cold and all the oil has settled, check your dipstick to verify that the engine doesn't have too little or too much oil.
Finally, transfer the old oil to your oil recycling jug. Most auto parts stores will take old oil for recycling. Make sure to call ahead, though.
Changing the oil on a 2014 Fiesta ST is not difficult, and can easily be accomplished by one person in about an hour. It does require some special equipment, but it's worth it if you always do your own oil changes.
- Oil Drain Plug (Stock): 13mm, 25-29 lb-ft torque
- Oil: 4.3qt (4.1L) 5W20
- Filter: FL-910-S
- Filter Socket Adapter: 76mm, 14 flutes
- Fumoto Valve: F-106 with ADP-106 extension
- Fumoto Valve Wrench Sizes: Extension: 7/8", Valve: 3/4"